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Impressionist Dealers and Collectors

Rebecca Virag on the people who created markets for the works of Monet, Degas, Cézanne and Renoir

Rebecca Virag

Monet and Degas

Cézanne and Renoir

Glossary

Bourgeois: Middle-class

Salon: French annual exhibition (held from the 17th-century onwards) of painting and sculpture. It was a state-sponsored exhibition, where an artist could hope to gain critical recognition or official patronage. Traditionally hostile to innovation.

Émile Zola: French novelist and critic (1840–1902). He was the leading exponent of literary naturalism in France and knew Manet and Cézanne. His novels include Nana (1880) and Germinal (1885).

Pierre Bonnard: Bonnard (1867-1947) adopted the Impressionist style in the mid-to late 1890s and was influenced by the mature work of Claude Monet and Paul Gauguin.

Rococo: Elegant, decorative style of c.1730-80.

Reading list

Anne Distel, Impressionism: The First Collectors, pub. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 01/12/1990 www.amazon.co.uk

John House, Impressionism for England: Samuel Courtauld as Patron and Collector, pub. Yale University Press, 10/06/1994 www.amazon.co.uk

Patricia Mainardi, The End of the Salon: Art and the State in the Early Third Republic, pub. Cambridge University Press, 01/11/1994 www.amazon.co.uk

Author's Biography

Rebecca Virag is an independent art historian based in Cambridge. She studied nineteenth-century French and British art and architecture at Reading University and later, at post-graduate level, at the Courtauld Institute of Art, London. She has recently completed a Ph.D. thesis at the Courtauld Institute about the impact of evolution theory and eugenics on the work of British artists working in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century.

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